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Domain activities 2022

Region 1:
South America

Globe showing the CORDEX domain of South America

 

Region 2:
Central America

Globe showing the CORDEX domain of Central America

Scientific highlights

This year we implemented a bias-corrected version of the statistical downscaling method of Navarro-Racines et al. (2020) at daily scale for 6 CMIP6 GCMs known to have the lower biases for the region according to Alzmaroui et al. (2021). We previously computed the 1 km monthly precipitation and temperature projections from 1979-2099 using the same method for all terrestrial Central America and Dominican Republic, but know we have the daily precipitation, maximum temperature and minimum temperature 1979-2099 projections for selected regions in Costa Rica.

Almazroui M, Islam MN, Saeed F, Saeed S, Ismail M, Ehsan MA, Diallo I, O'Brien E, Ashfaq M, Martínez-Castro D, Cavazos T, Cerezo-Mota R, Tippett MK, Gutowski WJ, Alfaro EJ, Hidalgo HG, Vichot-Llano A, Campbell JD, Kamil S, Rashid IU, Sylla MB, Stephenson T, Taylor M, Barlow M (2021). Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation Over the United States, Central America, and the Caribbean in CMIP6 GCMs. Earth Syst Environ 5 (1). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41748-021-00199-5.

Navarro-Racines, C., Tarapues, J., Thornton, P. et al. High-resolution and bias-corrected CMIP5 projections for climate change impact assessments. Sci Data 7, 7 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-019-0343-8

Additional relevant information

There are no journal publications this year, we are working on a manuscript right now, we have these conference presentations: Hugo G Hidalgo, Eric J Alfaro and Adolfo Quesada-Román. Future Changes in Simulated Streamflow in Costa Rica from CMIP6 climate models. Frontiers in Hydrology meeting. American Geophysical Union, June 19-24. San Juan, Puerto Rico (virtual).

High resolution precipitation and temperature projections for Central American and

Dominican Republic from a statistical method. September 2022. ICTP-FPS CORDEX Conference, Argentina (virtual), https://indico.ictp.it/event/9835/

Participación en el II Seminario INCENTIVA 2022 “Desafíos de la integración regional gobernanza digital en la pre-inversión”, Ciudad de Panamá, Panamá, 22 y 23 de junio de 2022. Trabajos Presentados en el panel Riesgos, Cambio Climático e Inversión Pública en un Nuevo Contexto y en el Lanzamiento iNCENTIVA groupware (P.M. Pérez Briceño, E.J. Alfaro y H.G. Hidalgo). https//youtu.be/zqFnYRBSqjQ

 

Region 3:
North America

Globe showing the CORDEX domain of North America

Region 4:
Europe
(EURO)

Globe showing the CORDEX domain of Europe

Scientific highlights

  • Finalization of the CMIP6/CORDEX simulation protocol
  • Finalization of the CMIP6/CORDEX ensemble design and GCM selection
  • Participation of EURO-CORDEX modeling teams in three FPSs (Convective phenomena at high resolution over Europe and the Mediterranean, LUCAS, URC-RCC)
  • Aerosol technical workshop
  • Participation in open-SAT meetings

Summary of each workshop/activity held during the year

Title, date, short description, location, website, links Responsible person/-s Funder
EURO-CORDEX General Assembly (Virtual) EURO-CORDEX PoCs -

Domain related publications during the year

EURO-CORDEX publication list

Region 5:
Africa

Globe showing the CORDEX domain of Africa

Region 6:
South Asia

Globe showing the CORDEX domain of WAS

Region 7:
East Asia

Globe showing the CORDEX domain of East Asia

Scientific highlights
Perform statistical downscaling with 1km resolution over South Korea region using SSP-based 5 RCM ensemble and Contributing to National Climate Change Report
Summary of each workshop/activity held during the year

Title, date, short description, location, website, links Responsible person/-s
AOGS2022: AS17-Regional Climate Downscaling and CORDEX
- date:  Aug. 1, 2022
- location: Online meeting
- website: https://www.asiaoceania.org/aogs2022
Dong-Hyun Cha, Shuyu Wang, Koji Dairaku, Jason Evans, Fredolin Tangang

Domain related publications during the year

  • Changes in heat stress considering temperature, humidity, and wind over East Asia under RCP8.5 and SSP5-8.5 scenarios. International Journal of Climatology.
    https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.7636 Ana Juzbašić, Joong-Bae Ahn, Dong-Hyun Cha, Eun-Chul Chang, Seung-Ki Min
  • Future Projections of Precipitation using Bias–Corrected High–Resolution Regional Climate Models for Sub–Regions with Homogeneous Characteristics in South Korea. Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s13143-022-00292-3 Changyong Park, Seok-Woo Shin, Dong-Hyun Cha, Myoung-Seok Suh, Song-You Hong, Joong-Bae Ahn, Seung-Ki Min, Young-Hwa Byun
  • What determines future changes in photovoltaic potential over East Asia? Renewable Energy.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2021.12.029 Changyong Park, Seok-Woo Shin, Gayoung Kim, Dong-Hyun Cha, Seung-Ki Min, Donghyun Lee, Young-Hwa Byun, Jin-Uk Kim
  • Enhanced Role of Convection in Future Hourly Rainfall Extremes Over South Korea. Geophysical Research Letters.
    https://doi.org/10.1029/2022GL099727 Donghyun Lee, Seung-Ki Min, In-Hong Park, Joong-Bae Ahn, Dong-Hyun Cha, Eun-Chul Chang, Young-Hwa Byun

Region 8:
Central Asia

Globe showing the CORDEX domain of Central Asia

Region 9:
Australasia

Globe showing the CORDEX domain of Australasia

Scientific highlights

Regional climate projections for CORDEX-CMIP6 Australasia  from three modelling groups (NARCLiM v2, BARPA and CCAM) with downscaling currently underway.

Summary of each workshop/activity held during the year

CORDEX - Australasia workshop 2022 Jason Evans and Marcus Thatcher CORDEX / National Environmental Science Program Climate Systems Hub / Australian Government Department of Climate Change, Energy, the Environment and Water
Session at Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society annual conference - Regional climate projections and applications Jason Evans and Marcus Thatcher
Session at Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand conference (MODSIM2021) - Projections of regional climate change: from modelling to applications Jason Evans and Marcus Thatcher

Domain related publications during the year

Region 10:
Antarctica

Globe showing the CORDEX domain of Antarctica

Scientific highlights

Antarctic: The Antarctic ice shelves act as a safety band preventing ice to flow in the ocean and rising the sea level. However, recent studies showed they can rapidly collapse due to surface melt.

Model projections suggest large differences in future Antarctic surface melting even for similar greenhouse gas scenarios and warming rates, hence leading to large uncertainties in future sea level rise. Kittel et al. (2022) show that clouds containing a larger amount of liquid water led to stronger melt. Clouds could therefore be a major source of uncertainties in projections of sea level rise.

Arctic: The Atlantic sector of the Arctic Ocean, including the high-Arctic archipelago of Svalbard is one of the fastest-warming locations on the planet. In addition to melting snow and ice which threatens a vulnerable ecosystem, thawing permafrost destabilizes slopes, coastlines, and man-made structure. For the latter, climate change impacts cultural heritage sites, e.g., the wooden houses in Ny-Ålesund and the coal cableway in Longyearbyen. To gain meaningful climate information on specific sites Langren et al. (2022) apply high-resolution (at 2.5 km horizontal resolution) regional climate modeling using HARMONIE Climate (HCLIM). They provide a multi-decadal convection-permitting climate projection dataset covering Svalbard for the years 1991-2060 following the SSP5-8.5 scenario. Projected future changes in the distributions, focusing on precipitation and snow, were quantified.

Summary of each workshop/activity held during the year

Title, date, short description, location, website, links Responsible person/-s Funder
Polar CORDEX annual workshop, 28-20 September 2022, at NORCE/Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research in Bergen/Norway, sessions on Arctic and Antarctic research, and future plans Priscilla Mooney, Annette Rinke CORDEX

Region 11:
Arctic

Globe showing the CORDEX domain of Artic

Region 12:
Mediterranean
(MED)

Globe showing the CORDEX domain of mediterranean

Scientific highlights

Med-CORDEX simulations

  • The phase 2 of Med-CORDEX was based on 5 modelling pillars (see
    www.medcordex.eu/simulations-phase2.php ): the so-called “baseline runs” that gathers
    evaluation and scenario simulations performed with fully-coupled Regional Climate System
    Models (RCSMs), the 3 Med-CORDEX related FPS (FPS-convection, FPS-aerosol, FPS-airsea, see
    specific annual reports) and the Free-Modelling Zone (see the activity list here). This phase
    ended in December 2022.
  • The phase 3 of Med-CORDEX (see www.medcordex.eu/simulations-phase3.php ) is now
    starting. The ”baseline runs” of this phase 3 are aligned with the new CORDEX-CMIP6 initiative
    for the evaluation and scenario runs. They will be performed with fully-coupled Regional
    Climate System Models (RCSMs), also called Regional Earth System Model (RESMs). Those
    coupled models target to represent the high-resolution interactions of the various
    components of the Mediterranean regional climate system. In Med-CORDEX phase 3, the
    RCSMs will include at least the representation of the atmosphere, the land surfaces, the
    surface hydrology (incl. rivers) and the Mediterranean Sea. Some modelling systems will also
    include the Black Sea, the ocean biogeochemistry, the natural and anthropogenic aerosols
    and/or the waves.
  • During the year 2022, the first actions of the Med-CORDEX phase 3 have been to: (1) list the
    key challenges and define the overall strategy, (2) list the participating groups and models, (3)
    design the simulation protocol for the evaluation (ERA5-driven) and the scenario (CMIP6-
    driven) runs adapted to coupled RCMs, and (4) define the Data Requests for the ocean,
    atmosphere, land surface and aerosol variables.Med-CORDEX dissemination
  • Up to now (December 2022), the Med-CORDEX central database (phase 1 and phase 2 runs)
    includes 124 datasets including Atmosphere, Land and Ocean variables, provided by 15
    institutes, 8.4 To uploaded, 42 To downloaded by 305 users (find more information here
    https://www.medcordex.eu/medcordex.php)
  • The Med-CORDEX simulations have been used over the past years in various assessment
    reports, including the MedECC Mediterranean Assessment Report #1
    (https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7100601) and the RECO CROCC report (https://crocc.recooccitanie.org/) over the Occitanie region in France
  • In 2022, 5 new scientific articles have been published including two articles studying the
    impact on climate change on the Mediterranean ocean biogeochemistry
  •  To share the key documents of the Med-CORDEX phase 3 simulations (CORDEX-CMIP6), a
    zenodo community open collection (https://zenodo.org/communities/medcordex/) has been
    created
    Med-CORDEX organization
  • We recall the Med-CORDEX email lists. Please contact the Steering committee to be added on
    the emailing lists.
    o whole community and baseline activity: medcordex@meteo.fr
    o steering committee: medcordex-sc@meteo.fr
    o CORDEX-FPS convection: cordexfps-convection@meteo.fr
    o CORDEX-FPS air-sea: cordexfps-airsea@meteo.fr
    o CORDEX-FPS aerosol: cordexfps-aerosol@meteo.fr
  • An on-line meeting has been organised with the Med-CORDEX modelling groups (28-29 March
    2022) to start designing the phase 3.
  • A dedicated Med-CORDEX Slack has been open to the whole community to facilitate the
    interactions

Summary of each workshop/activity held during the year

Title, date, short description, location, website, links Responsible person/-s Funder
Med-CORDEX on-line meeting, 28-29 March 2022 S. Somot, E. Coppola, G.
Sannino, G. Jordà, B. Ahrens
none
One on-line steering committee meeting every 3
months in 2022
S. Somot, E. Coppola, G.
Sannino, G. Jordà, B. Ahrens
none

Domain related publications during the year

See the updated Med-CORDEX publication list:  www.medcordex.eu/publications.php

Region 13:
Middle East
North Africa
(MENA)

Globe showing the CORDEX domain of the Middle East and North America

Region 14:
Southeast Asia

Globe showing the CORDEX domain of South East Asia